CARE is an International NGO working in Somalia. CARE and its partners work with vulnerable communities to address the underlying causes of poverty, promoting peace and development, by supporting sustainable livelihood and economic development initiative programmes, strengthening civil societies, responding to emergencies, and advocating for policy change.
The Puntland State of Somalia is in the midst of momentous political, social and economic transformation since its leaders declared the territory an autonomous region in 1998. The region has managed to maintain relative peace and security in recent years, which has enabled it to establish political and administrative institutions, basic social services, an active civil society, and a growing private enterprise community. In addition, much progress has been made in the education sector in the last few years. Despite these improvements, educational provision, participation and completion in Puntland are among the lowest in the world. The Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) for primary and secondary education as per the Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MoEHE) latest EMIS data stands at 32.1% (Boys:35.26%; Girls:28.8%) and12.2% (Boys:16.1%; Girls:9.1%) respectively.
The major challenges experienced in the education sector still relates to weak institutional and technical capacity leading to poor service delivery as well as limited oversight. Weaknesses are evident in particular in Higher Education (HE); inadequate database for policy formulation, monitoring and performance evaluation; low access to quality, relevant and equitable education exists at all levels as well as limited pedagogical skills and the availability of teachers, especially in rural and nomadic areas.
It is against these backdrop that a consortium comprising of CARE and Save the Children are implementing the three-year EU-funded Waxbarashadu Waa Iftiin IV (Education is Light IV) project to address the challenges in close coordination, support and guidance of the MoEHE in Puntland. The project aims to contribute to a sustainable, cohesive education system offering relevant services to the majority of children, youth and adults including vulnerable groups in Puntland and specifically strengthens the delivery of effective primary Education (PE) including special needs, Secondary Education (SE), Accelerated Basic Education (ABE), Technical Vocational Education & Training (TVET, Non Formal Education (NFE), education services addressing the populations priority needs.
Through this ToR, the consortium in close coordination with MOEHE is planning for a baseline of the three-year project (scheduled to end in June 2025) to inform the fourth phase of the project, as well as to serve as a mapping for the target institutions.
Waxbarashadu Waa Iftiin (Education Is Light) Phase IV
CARE and its partners received the fourth funding for Waxbarashadu Waa Iftiin project phase IV (See Annex 1 for an overview of the project’s outcomes, intermediate outcomes, outputs and associated indicators as well key activities under each output) from the European Union. The overall project objective is “Improve the educational attainment and the employability of relevant target groups”. The specific objects are ‘The governance, quality, relevance and inclusiveness of education and training sector are improved’. The project has three result areas namely:
- Result 1: Increased access to equitable quality, and inclusive education at primary and secondary levels in Puntland
- Result 2: Increased participation of youth and adults with and without disability in quality technical and vocational education; training linked to employment and economic opportunities
- Result3: Enhanced capacity of public institutions to lead, monitor, and manage the education system
There will be a seamless implementation of project activities from phase three to phase four of the project. Therefore, Waxbarashadu Waa Iftiin phase IV baseline information will be required.
2. OBJECTIVES OF THE BASELINE
The Waxbarashadu Waa Iftiin phase IV is seeking to procure the services of a consultant to conduct mixed-methods, gender-sensitive baseline that is inclusive of persons with disabilities and other marginalised sub-groups within the targeted population. The baseline will establish baseline values for relevant project indicators and enable subsequent midterm and endline evaluations to assess and establish the results of the project at outcome, intermediate outcome and impact levels. The baseline of phase foure project should therefore be inclusive by having full participation of the project staff and stakeholders.
Specific objectives of the baseline:
- To gain up to date understanding of the project context to inform Waxbarashadu Waa Iftiin Phase IV interventions.
- To establish baseline values for program indicators and benchmarks for comparative analysis with the midterm and endline findings.
- Establish trends in key education indicators such as gross enrolment rate, pupil – teachers’ ratio, reputation rate, transition rate, and pass rates etc.
- To collect baseline information for use in selection of schools for infrastructure development projected in the project documents and provision of inclusion grants.
- Identify capacity building needs targeting CECs, teachers (NFE, ABE, SNE, primary and Secondary) and MOEHE staff.
3. THE BASELINE SCOPE
The Waxbarashadu Waa Iftiin Phase IV program will implement activities in Puntland State of Somalia, all regions: Bari, Cayn, Gardafuu, Hayland, Karkaar, Mudug, Nugal, Sanaag and Sool regions. The baseline will involve a visit to schools selected based on discussions with MOEHE, communities, development partners, including non-government organizations and the private school umbrellas.
3.1. Expected Tasks
The consultant will receive technical supervision and guidance from the Consortium Coordinator, Monitoring and Evaluation Manager and CARE Nederland Senior project Officer and will be accountable to CARE and the MoEHE for quality results and to the Monitoring and Evaluation Manger (CARE), for timely delivery of these. The consultant will be required to conduct the following tasks:
- Submit an inception report inclusive of the proposed tools, sampling approach, detailed analysis framework, quality control measures and work plan.
- Submit a detailed work plan as part of the inception report and updated data collection plan following training of enumerators. The work plan should include plans/frameworks for data collection, data entry, data cleaning, transcription and translation.
- • Submit a quality assurance plan that sets out the systems and processes for quality assuring the research process and deliverables from start to finish of the project
- Translate data collection tools and training protocols from English to Somali. Note that back translation will be required for accuracy.
- • Develop electronic versions of all relevant data collection tools
- Pilot the tools track changes and submit revised tools for approval.
- Take lead in the training of enumerators following guidelines and training plans outlined in the inception report, as well as quality control protocols and guidelines for enumerators.
- Prepare all resources and related supplies for data collection, including mobile phones/ tablets with e-versions of the tools uploaded into a platform of choice
- Undertake all data collection in the field, following the approach outlined in the approved inception report.
- Support in data collection related logistics, including but not limited to deployment of enumerators to the target areas, and supervisors; and where required coordinate with CARE to access each area with prior approval from the MOEHE and local authorities.
- Upload datasets completed by the team daily for verification by the evaluation team.
- Conduct qualitative data entry and coding
- Create electronic databases for analysis and collating data as necessary.
- Conduct data entry, where necessary, simultaneous to data collection to prevent delays. Random double entry will be required for 40% of the data for quality control; if mismatches exceed 10% of the re-entries, all data will be re-entered by the evaluator.
- Conduct all necessary data quality and ethical control measures.
- Analyze the data as per agreed upon analysis framework.
- Provide a draft comprehensive technical report; a draft summary report and a draft presentation of findings for review. Incorporate technical feedback received from CARE, MoEHE and relevant stakeholders and provide revised final versions of all three documents for final approval.
- Provide a complete set of physical and electronic data collection documents, filed and organized as per guidelines provided by CARE, upon completion of data collection and entry. This includes but not limited to complete datasets (anonymized and non-anonymized versions), script and analysis files, datasets used for analysis, transcribed and translated versions of FGDs and KIIs, filled surveys, questionnaires, FGD/ interview notes, daily survey logs, voice files (for electronic qualitative data collection), pictures (noting that pictures of respondents will be allowed under any circumstances, including during data collection or before/ after data collection ), etc.
Project deliverables: the main deliverables for this assignment are as follows:
- Inception report.
- Work plan outlining all tasks to be completed within the duration mentioned for this assignment, responsible persons, timeframe for completion of each task and resources required for each task (within five days of signing the contract with CARE).
- Detailed data collection and analysis plan, quality assurance plan as part of inception report.
- Translations of survey instruments from English into Somali, to be verified through back-translation (conducted by the evaluator) and secondary spot-checks conducted by CARE.
- Training plan (including summaries of training sessions and relevant presentations/ exercises).
- Complete list of enumerators/supervisors per location, including contact details.
- Daily uploading of data; weekly data collection report.
- Report on the data collection process and provide recommendations for future data collections. The report should catalogue and include, in annexes, the final survey and training tools used (with translations where available).
- Complete set of files, hard copies of surveys, audio/ image/ video files and daily data collection reports/ data collection logs signed by enumerators and field supervisors.
- Database for data entry (one per tool where required), to be reviewed and approved by CARE. Data entry and cleaning (if required) should start simultaneously with data collection and data should be uploaded on a daily basis.
- Complete transcriptions of qualitative data, in Somali and in English.
- Clean data sets, to be reviewed and approved by CARE (data quality verified and accepted by CARE). 100% of the planned data is included and the final version of the database should not include any typos, out of range responses for any variable and/or illogical responses.
- Analysis and script files.
- Final report, based on the agreed upon analysis framework. The methodological section should include a discussion of data collection challenges and limitations, including a summary of data collection activities and the timeline of data collection, number of total surveys collected and number of refusals to participate for each location, as well as detailed data collection log per location as an annex.
- Final summary report.
- PowerPoint presentation of findings.
4. TECHNICAL APPROACH AND METHODOLOGY
The baseline will use a mixed-method, complexity-aware and inclusive approach. The quantitative component is expected to use a combination of primary data collected through individual-level (school principals; CEC members; household surveys; teachers) and institutional level (school and MoEHE/REO/DEO) surveys; and secondary data obtained through EMIS and other sources. The consultant will determine representative sample sizes for respondent groups, adequately powered to identify the actual status before implementation begins. Quantitative data will be triangulated with qualitative data obtained from a variety of stakeholder groups through key informant interviews and focus group discussions. It is expected that the triangulation of quantitative and qualitative data will allow the program to better understand unexpected patterns in quantitative results, as well as to explore the motivations/ interests of stakeholders and the challenges and opportunities for the design and implementation of activities. Where appropriate, the program will coordinate with the MoEHE and development partners through the JRES and Education Cluster (particularly those implementing similar projects or those which are carrying out longitudinal tracking of beneficiaries) to obtain secondary data for triangulation, comparison and validation of results, allowing for a comprehensive analysis of the trends in the education system, and to identify emerging issues and gaps.
An in-depth approach to data analysis is required. The statistical analysis of the quantitative component is expected to identify factors influencing program outcomes, thus establishing relationships between different variables and the outcomes of interest, as well as validating or challenging assumptions about the status of access and institutions infrastructures needs in the region. It is expected that qualitative data will be analysed using emerging codes, thus allowing for identification of unanticipated factors/patterns. Extensive triangulation of qualitative and quantitative data will be required for validation of results and in-depth understanding of the effects observed. Findings should be disaggregated at multiple levels, including but not limited to sex, disability, location, type of school, IDP/non-IDP condition and where relevant, most prevalent community livelihood (such as pastoralism, agro-pastoralism, agriculture).
4.1. Literature review
Literature review will involve a study of various project and MoEHE documents including literature from other sources about the status of education in Puntland. The consultants will also be provided with the following key documents for review and background information: the WWI III Log-frame (Annex 1), Project Proposal (Annex 2), Project Funding Contract between CARE and EC (Annex 3),WWI II final evaluation report (Annex 4) plus any other document considered necessary for this exercise.
4.2. Data collection
Quantitative methods using structured questionnaires and ‘School fact establishment tools’ will be used to establish quantitative benchmarks in the Phase IV logframe. Focus Group Discussions, Individual questioning with a scientific representation of all the stakeholders will be used to collect detailed qualitative information. It is expected that the consultant will come up with innovative ways of combining the various research tools and methodologies to get the right and accurate information.
During the study, the consultant will interview all the stakeholders including targeted beneficiary communities, students, Ministry of Education/regional education authorities, Community Education Committees, School children, teachers, head teachers and staff of implementing consortium partners (CARE and SAVE), men/women groups, religious leaders, opinion leaders, women leaders, CARE staff in the field and other actors including Local and International NGOs in the region.
4.3. Sampling Design and Procedure
The 9 regions in the project areas will form the sample frame. Both simple random and purposive sampling will be used to determine the sample population based on the consensus reached between the Lead Agency, the Consortium members and the MOEHE. Simple random sampling will be applied at school level to select teachers, students, and parents, while purposive sampling will be applied to select the head teachers, centre managers, CECs and schools where the needs.
4.4. Data Collection Instruments
CARE will share previous data collection instruments that were used to capture qualitative data at phase III baseline. The instruments include: semi-structured interview questionnaires; one- on-one personalized in-depth interview questionnaires for key informants; focus group discussions (FGDs) with discussion guidelines; institutional fact establishment sheets. The questionnaires will be administered to the respondents, while Institutional fact establishment sheets will be used to collect specific quantitative and qualitative facts at the sampled institutions, including physical and non-physical facilities, enrolment, teacher establishment, etc.
5. REPORTING AND FEEDBACK
After the baseline, the consultant(s) is expected to do a debriefing with the consortium partners and project staff on the ground and incorporate their relevant inputs. The consultant(s) should then prepare a draft report and make a presentation to CARE (lead agency)/other consortium partners and EC delegation in Nairobi for their inputs after which they should prepare the final report. Both draft and final report should have a power point summary not exceeding 20 slides. The main text of the baseline report should be presented using Arial font 11 and not exceed 50 pages inclusive of Annexes. The Executive Summary in the main report should not be more than five pages with fully cross-referenced findings and recommendations. In addition, a short, separate summary of one page should be provided during the presentation of the final report.
The consultants/Consulting firm needs to produce five well bound hard copies of the final report and soft copies of all the reports sent electronically to a list of recipients in the consortium to be provided. The electronic soft copies should be in Adobe Acrobat and MS Word.
6. EXPERTISE REQUIRED
The consultants/consulting firm should be experienced and have expertise in the following: –
- Extensive experience in research work and in education assessments/evaluations, including previous working experience in Somalia;
- A degree in education planning and management and/or curriculum development or other relevant fields. Postgraduate qualification in the same will be an added advantage.
- Demonstrated experience in community development including community targeting, rapid rural appraisal and project cycle management.
- Knowledge in Research Methodologies and application of various tools including practical experience in assessments, planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of community based interventions;
- Have excellent analytical and writing skills
- Previous baselines or evaluations, especially under EC funded projects will be an added advantage
Further, bidders are required to clearly identify and provide CVs for all those proposed in the team, clearly stating their roles and responsibilities for this baseline. The proposed evaluation team should include the technical expertise and practical experience required to deliver the scope of work and baseline outputs**.**
7. WORK PLAN AND TIME SCHEDULE
Bidders are required to include in their detailed work plan, the number of days for each milestone set out below.
1. Literature review/Desk Review
2. Preparation of data collection tools, translation into Somali and testing/revision of tools
3. Travel to and from Puntland
4. Training of Enumerators
5. Field data and information collection
6. Data and information analysis
7. Report writing and presentations
8. Validation of the report
9. Incorporating feedback from consortium members into the final report
Duration (Man days): this assignment will be carried out in a total of 21 days.
8. COST ESTIMATE AND TIMEFRAME
The Consultants are requested to quote their price for this assignment and to mention when they will be available to carry out this assignment. Due to the urgency of the assignment, time will be of essence in the award of this contract. CARE anticipates to start the assignment on or before 1st Dec 2022.
9. RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CLIENT – CARE SOMALIA (Lead Agency)
In support to the consultant to undertake the assignment, CARE Somalia will;
- Pay the entire consultancy fee (as per the contract) after the fieldwork, submission of all the deliverables. The consultant will be paid subject to the completion of the report in a satisfactory manner. This payment will also be taxed in accordance with the Somalia Government laws, exact amounts will be specified in the contract
- Cater for transport and upkeep as well as other related logistics to and from the field.
- Facilitate access to relevant offices in the field through prior arrangements and consultations.
- Access to existing and useful resource materials while in the course of undertaking this assignment.
10. CONSULTANT’S RESPONSIBILITIES
During the period of carrying out this assignment, the consultant will need to establish close coordination arrangements with the Garowe and Satellite offices in Puntland. In particular, the evaluator will be expected to work closely with the Consortium Coordinator, Monitoring and Evaluation Manager, and Project Managers of the consortium partners (SAVE the Children, and CARE). The consultant under this assignment will: –
- Be available for the assignment;
- Prepare all their travel documents;
- Commits to complete a fully satisfactory end product within the agreed time frame;
- Provides the necessary material for use during and after the study.
11. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
All documentation related to the assignment shall remain the sole and exclusive property of CARE and the consortium partners.
How to apply
Applications should be submitted by 20th November 2022. The selection committee will review all applications as they arrive. All applicants must meet the minimum requirements described above, and those unable to meet these requirements will not be considered.
Each application package should include the following:
- An cover letter addressing the selection criteria including how the firm’s/group’s previous experience matches the consultancy objectives as well as the interest for the position. It should also indicate the candidate’s availability and consultancy rates. The letter should be no longer than one pages.
- A brief technical and financial proposal for the baseline study with a detailed methodology and work plan (not more than 15 pages).
- A sample of recently written report for a similar assignment.
- Updated CVs for all consultants including relevant work experience and qualifications.
- Contact details of three references.
Applications not including all of the above information will not be reviewed. All applications should be sent toSOM.Consultant@care.org with the subject line, “Application for Education is Light IV baseline Survey.”