TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR ENHANCED RESILIENCE FOR PASTORALISTS AND SUSTAINABLE RETURNEE RE-INTEGRATION CONSULTANCY FOR IMPLEMENTING FARMER MANAGED NATURAL REGENERATION (FMNR) IN TWO SITES IN SANAAG REGION THROUGH TRAINING AND CASH FOR WORK
CARE is targeting communities in Sanaag region of Somaliland where chronic drought, weak governance and harmful natural resource management practices have deteriorated livelihoods and increased vulnerability to shocks and stresses, especially among women. Given the high, recurrent levels of vulnerability in Somaliland, a focus on building household and community resilience is needed if vulnerability is to be reduced over time. To strengthen the resilience of chronically food insecure pastoral populations through provision of cash relief, income generation support, farm inputs, rehabilitation of water sources, CARE received funding from the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). CARE’s approach acknowledges that shocks and stresses are a likely occurrence, and will work with the communities themselves to map and identify the negative coping strategies which have a long-term detrimental effect on families.
Effective management of natural resources and particularly of rangelands, trees and water resources is paramount for enhancing pastoralist resilience in arid and semi- arid areas. There is severe and progressive degradation of natural resources in Sanaag region in Somaliland due to, among others, commercialization of charcoal and fire-wood, encroachment of private land enclosures, cutting of timber for construction, emergence of new settlements, over-exploitation of permanent water resources such as boreholes and springs, and the spontaneous and ad-hoc creation of vehicle paths or tracks which in turn exacerbate water run-off.
The project will pilot implementing Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) in two villages of the 15 target communities to demonstrate it advantages to ecosystem health and food security to pastoralist communities in Sanaag region. The FMNR approach is applicable to arid and semi-arid areas with large herds of livestock. The project will mobilize the community, collaborate with relevant authorities and invest in the implementation of the approach to allow the trees and shrubs that already exist in the landscape to regenerate from existing stumps and/or seeds left in the soil. FMNR adapts centuries-old methods of woodland management, called coppicing and pollarding, to produce continuous tree-growth for fuel, building materials, food and fodder without the need for frequent and costly replanting. However, this approach requires extensive land management which allows the process to take place.
In order to be successful this approach requires communities to play greater role by guarding and protecting the emerging trees and shrubs in the demarcation zones. Fencing wires is helpful in places near the villages or privates’ lands, but it is too costly for the project to support such initiatives. Therefore, we will depend on voluntary conservation by the communities (social fencing) who are sensitized and encouraged on the importance of forest protection.
The project will engage two qualified FMNR consultants/trainers to undertake this assignment and help the project carry out this pilot FMNR activity. The assignment involves multiple tasks – awareness/orientation workshop, practical training for FMNR champions and technical guidance on FMNR implementation.
- OBJECTIVES OF THE CONSULTANCY
- Orientate and district and village leadership on FMNR principles and practices and deliberate where it can be piloted in Erigavo district (2 project areas)
- Train FMNR champions and stakeholders on viable FMNR options and tree management (pruning, trimming, grafting, etc.)
- Develop work plans for FMNR implementation including cash for work activities
- TRAINING DURATION
The assignment will run for 17 days including preparation of training materials, facilitation of the training and orientation workshop, field visits to FMNR sites, report writing and travel days. CARE Somalia/Somaliland will provide the logistical support in terms of transport, payments to training participants and guidance required by the consultants to successfully achieve the consultancy objectives.
|Preparation workshop and training materials||3 days|
|FMNR Sensitization/Orientation workshop||2 days|
|Meeting with district authorities and CARE field staff||1 day|
|Field visit and on-site FMNR training for FMNR champions||4 days|
|Travel days to and from Erigavo||4 days|
In line with the objectives of the consultancy and under the overall guidance of the Program Manager, the following deliverables are expected from the consultants:
- Workshop and training materials for the orientation/sensation workshop and on-site FMNR training respectively
- A report detailing the proceedings and achievements of the consultancy activities including for FMNR implementation and follow up
The consultants/facilitators shall prepare a comprehensive participatory methodology and tools for undertaking the consultancy activities (workshops, meetings, trainings, etc.) in the spirit of achieving the specific objectives stated above. The methodology must include among others, lecture sessions, brainstorming, group discussions and field demonstrations.
The consultants shall apply participatory facilitation techniques based on adult learning principles to impart knowledge and skills, elicit information and promote exchange of ideas and information and participants.
The consultants will write and produce a precise final report written in simple and clear English language. The draft report shall be shared with CARE for comments and inputs for inclusion in the final report by the consultants. The report should have the following format:
- Cover page: title of the work, title of the project, names and logos of the donor and implementing partner, dates of the exercise, etc.
- Table of contents, Executive Summary (maximum 3 pages) and main report including; desk review, proceedings and achievements of the assignment, conclusions and recommendations for future action.
- Terms of Reference
- List of literature and documents reviewed
- List of training participants
- List of abbreviations
- ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF CARE
- Provide any necessary support such as logistics, making announcement/pre-informing workshop/training participants as well as necessary background information about the project and its involvement with the target communities
- Review training/workshop materials and monitor the assignment and provide feedback for improvement;
- Ensure successful implementation of the assignment by the consultants;
- Review the report and provide feedback for finalization of the same
- PROFILE OF THE CONSULTANTS
Two consultants with strong technical background in natural resource management or environmental issues with demonstrated experience in facilitating similar trainings is recommended for this assignment. He or she should have:
- Degree in NRM, Rangeland management, Agroforestry/Social forestry, environmental governance and any other related field
- Extensive experience in facilitating training for community groups and government institutions and prior experience in FMNR trainings and community activities
- Good understanding of natural resource governance and experience in working with grassroots community groups and government institutions such as village councils, water resource user associations, rangeland management committees, district or regional environment authorities, etc.
- Certification in FMNR is desirable
- EXPRESSION OF INTEREST (EOI)
- Up to date CVs of both consultants
- Financial and technical proposals in a joint application (with an indication of the lead consultant/facilitator)
How to apply:
Candidates interested in the position should send their applications online to SOM.Consultant@care.org to be received no later than 23/01/ 2021. The application should be titled “Consultancy for implementing farmer managed natural regeneration” and should include the following: