Consultancy to Conduct Labor Market Assessment in Kismayo, Somalia

Terms of Reference

Consultancy to Conduct Labor Market Assessment in Kismayo with a Particular focus onRefugee-returnees, IDPs and vulnerable host communities

Location: Somalia

Duration: 30 working days (19 October – 15 November 2020)

Critical interface: Head of Programme, LFS Specialist, Durable Solutions Manager, Area

Managers, LFS Coordinator

Consultancy type Open (both national & international)

Travel: Travel is required for this consultancy

Background and context

Kismayo is the third largest city in Somalia and the capital city of Lower Juba region. The port city is the commercial hub of Jubbaland regions and southern parts of the country and has a strategic significance, being halfway between Mogadishu and the Kenyan border. It acts as a commercial centre for products from the pastoral, fishery and agriculturally rich hinterland. The city is divided into four districts: Calanleey (oldest), Fanole, Farjano, Shaqaalaha. The city has an estimated local population of 183,300 people with a 79/21% rural/urban divide.[1] The economy of the region is mainly agriculture based relying heavily on livestock and fisheries. Kismayo is divided into 3 livelihood zones;

1) Southern inland pastoral comprised mostly of camels, goats/sheep and cattle rearing,

2) Southern rain fed which specializes in maize, cattle and goats’ rearing

3) Juba pastoral which specializes in cattle and goat rearing.

The region has a high potential for agricultural production, given the combination of fertile soils, rich grazing grounds, and abundant marine resources. Before the Civil war, there was a meat-tinning factory, as well as a tannery and a modern fish factory. There were also two sugar refineries, one at Jowhar and another situated near Jilib (Marerey Sugar Factory). Kismayo city boasts one of the largest sea ports in the country; the most important source of revenue for authorities.

The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is implementing a three-and-a-half-year durable solutions programme known as Danwadaag (meaning common purpose) and is funded by the Foreign Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO). This programme is delivered through a consortium approach of the International Organisation for Migration as lead agency, Concern Worldwide and NRC as implementing partners and the Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS) supporting the learning and knowledge management component. The programme aims to enhance progress towards durable solutions and (re) integration for displacement affected communities (DACs) in targeted urban centres. The programme targets DACs inclusive of host communities, returning refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) as well as local authorities and informal duty bearers.

NRC’s main implementation area for activities on housing, land and property (HLP), access to water, sanitation and hygiene and sustainable livelihoods is Kismayo. Under Danwadaag, NRC targets DACs from four communities in Fanole, Farjano, Alanley and Gulwade. In 2019, Danwadaag conducted a rigorous baseline which highlighted the importance of household income in progressing towards (re) integration and importance of strengthening the focus on sustainable livelihoods[2]. So far, NRC livelihood investments under Danwadaag have mainly been made in Income Generating Activities (IGA) support in Kismayo.

The proposed labour market assessment will be used to guide NRC planning for its livelihood activities under this programme for the next year. This will also ensure activities are grounded on a market-based approach.

Objectives of the Study

  • Mapping out the current state of play of in the market with respect to local skills, marketing channels, technologies, trade, infrastructure and goods and services in Kismayo;
  • Provide an overview of current labour market trends, value chain analysis and assess the potential for small businesses (What goods and services will be required to support a growing urban economy, and can be supplied by small enterprises?)
  • Comprehensively mapping out the market actors and players supporting entrepreneurs and businesses in Kismayo;
  • Identify economically feasible sectors and sub-sectors in services and production, with higher potential (e.g., small scale greengrocery (vegetables), multi-story gardening, mobile repair, mechanic, fresh milk vendors, fish and fishery products vendors, foodstuff stalls, tea kiosk, water supplier, metal works (blacksmith) shoe making, tyre repairing, livestock feeds(fodder), selling of small animals (shoats, poultry, eggs) query works /stone crushing etc.);
  • Identify marketing outlets and trading potential in Kismayo;
  • Investigate the type and nature of market competition for the identified economic sectors with promise for IGA-supported entrepreneurs and businesses;
  • Provide detailed recommendations on how NRC can adapt planned livelihood interventions to maiximise impact
  • Provide detailed recommendations on how NRC can further support key government institutions in promoting self-reliance for DACs
  • Provide detailed mapping of private sector actors in Kismayo, examining linkages and the drivers of activity across sectors;
  • Analyse the supply and deman of labour:
  • The profile of labour supplies in Kismayo, examining education and skills of labourers;
  • The labour market characteristics and conditions of youth, women and those affected by displacement, and examining their current skill and activity level in the market;
  • The current structure of employment across sectors, examining wages and quality of work;
  • The type of workers and the skills needed in high potential and growth sectors, and determining the wages, to promote the livelihood diversification and economic opportunities for the target population (i.e., those affected by displacement, women and youth);
  • Assess the structure of the labor market, with a specific focus on constraints facing returnees, IDPs, women and youth
  • Analyse potential for entrepreneurship and business development in Kismayo and challenges facing entrepreneurs and start-up businesses in Kismayo (i.e., finance, legal, business development support etc.)
  • Analyse the constraints to entrepreneurial activity by displacement-affected populations, women and youth such as property ownership, legal services, finances, climate change etc.
  • To assess capacity of existing TVET and YEP service providers for conducting vocational skills training for identified courses.
  • To identify what type of jobs are available in the market that can be filled by YEP graduates, with a special focus on highly demanded innovative skills including but not limited digital jobs, promotion of cash based crops / vegetable, Livestock and fisheries jobs.


The consultant/consulting firm is expected to come up with the best approaches for undertaking this labour market survey. Following guiding principles should be taken into consideration:

  • Thorough desk review of secondary data including project documents, secondary reports, assessments, evaluations and previous labour market surveys available.
  • Interviews and focus group discussions should be conducted with key market actors, youth and business associations, displacement affected communities, learning centers and key government line ministries and institutions etc.
  • Utilization of a well-designed questionnaire as a tool for collecting data so that Danwadaag livelihood interventions are based on data and a solid evidence base.
  • Extensive mapping and analysis of labour market needs through primary data collection.
  • Focus group discussions and interviews with DACs in target locations.
  • Interviews with a sample of the previous youth graduates to explore what trainings worked well and what did not yield employment to avoid those that did not work well.
  • Extensive mapping of labour market needs through primary data collection.
  • The consultant / firm will review and finalize study tools (Questionnaires FGDs, formal & informal interviews with government officials and community representatives.
  • Analysis/tabulation plan development simultaneous with survey questionnaire development
  • Pre-test the questionnaire in the field and do required adjustments.
  • Conduct data analysis, first level of analysis based on already submitted tabulation plan, giving measurements for all indictors; run frequencies; cross-tabulations, graphs.
  • Prepare and submit final report.
  • Community and stakeholder in particular Vocational Skills and Training (VST) institutes participation is a crucial element, hence in carrying out the assessment, every effort should be made to include all of the relevant stakeholders’ views and ideas towards the private sector and labour market assessment.
  • Prepare and submit final report.


  • Inception report
  • Sampling plan and Filed plan for data collection, checklists for field monitoring.
  • Complete tabulation plan (submit just after finalization of the questionnaire)
  • Report on enumerators training and study tool pretesting.
  • Filed monitoring reports for data collection phase.
  • Cleaned dataset
  • Submit draft survey report
  • Final comprehensive report,
  • High resolution pictures (field activity snapshots)

Level of Effort (LOE) – Suggested (consultancy firm may do the breakdown of 30 days as per plan given below and Share-It is subject to modifications as needed)

Please refer to TOR…

Payment schedule

  • Completion of training of surveyors- 25%
  • Data collection- 25%
  • Submission of final report- 50%

Role of Norwegıan Refugee Council

NRC will provide help in the following areas:

  • Technical support where needed.
  • Facilitate process of finalization of tools /methods for the study.
  • Help in coordination with the local line departments for approval & facilitation of the survey
  • Help in hiring the enumerators, if requested.
  • Will monitoring ongoing activities in the field. Specially training of the enumerators and data collection by the consultant
  • Provide feedback for improvement in draft report.
  • Make payments against level of efforts in accordance with the above-mentioned schedule.

Key qualifıcatıons and skills

A research consulting firm will be contracted to carry out the assessment. The firm should have capacity to mobilize local field interviewers and senior consultants of the team should have meet the following criteria:

  • A degree in economics and specialization in private sector, labor market analysis and related fields;
  • Minimum of seven (7) years of experience in labor market policy development, planning and analysis;
  • Strong writing and communications skills;
  • Experience with vocational training and job placement programs;
  • Knowledge of the socio-economic environment in Somalia is an added advantage;
  • Experience in carrying out labour market assessments is a requirement;

How to apply

Interested consulting firms are expected to provide the following documentations:

  • A technical proposal with detailed response to the TOR, with specific focus on the scope of work, methodology to be used and key selection criteria for respondents.
  • Initial work plan based on methodology outlined, and indication of availability
  • A financial proposal detailing the daily rate expected and other mode of payment
  • Company profile or CVs/ profiles of consultant who shall take lead/ part in this process including a minimum of 3 references
  • Detailed budget breakdown based on expected daily rates

The whole exercise including report writing should be completed within 30 days of award of the contract.

All Applications should be addressed to with the subject of the email as “TOR-Consultancy to Conduct Labor Market Assessment in Kismayo” on and before Thursday, 15th October, 2020.

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